Overweight Americans have the lowest risk of premature death.
By Lisa Wade, PhD
Last year the Journal of the American Medical Association released a study aiming to determine the relationship between body mass index and the risk of premature death. Body mass index, or BMI, is the ratio between your height and weight. According to the National Institutes of Health, you are “normal weight” if your ratio is between 18.5-24.9. Everything over that is “overweight” or “obese” and everything under is “underweight.”
This study was a meta-analysis, which is an analysis of a collection of existing studies that systematically measures the sum of our knowledge. In this case, the authors analyzed 97 studies that included a combined 2.88 million individuals and over 270,000 deaths. They found that overweight individuals had a lower risk of premature death than so-called normal weight individuals and there was no relationship between being somewhat obese and the rate of early death. Only among people in the high range of obesity was there a correlation between their weight and a higher risk of premature death.
Here’s what it looked like.
Above is two columns of studies plotted according to the hazard ratio they reported for people. This comparison is between people who are “overweight” (BMI = 25-29.9) and people who are “normal weight” (BMI = 18.5-24.9). Studies that fall below the line marked 1.0 found a lower rate of premature death and studies above the line found a higher rate.
Just by eyeballing it, you can confirm that there is not a strong correlation between weight and premature death, at least in this population. When the scientists ran statistical analyses, the math showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between being “overweight” and a lower risk of death.
Here’s the same data, but comparing the risk of premature death among people who are “normal weight” (BMI = 18.5-24.9) and people who are somewhat “obese” (BMI = 30-34.9). Again, eyeballing the results suggest that there’s not much correlation and, in fact, statistical analysis found none.
Finally, here are the results comparing “normal weight” (BMI = 18.5-24.9) and people who are quite “obese” (BMI = 35 or higher). In this case, we do see a relationship between risk of premature death in body weight.
It’s almost funny that the National Institutes of Health use the word normal when talking about BMI. It’s certainly not the norm – the average BMI in the U.S. falls slightly into the “overweight” category (26.6 for adult men and 25.5 for adult women) — and it’s not related to health. It’s clearly simply normative. It’s related to a socially constructed physical ideal that has little relationship to what physicians and public health advocates are supposed to be concerned with. Normal is judgmental, but if they changed the word to healthy, they have to entirely rejigger their prescriptions.
So, do we even have an obesity epidemic? Perhaps not if we use health as a marker instead of some arbitrary decision to hate fat. Paul Campos, covering this story for the New York Times, points out:
If the government were to redefine normal weight as one that doesn’t increase the risk of death, then about 130 million of the 165 million American adults currently categorized as overweight and obese would be re-categorized as normal weight instead.
It’s worth saying again: if we are measuring by the risk of premature death, then 79% of the people we currently shame for being overweight or obese would be recategorized as perfectly fine. Ideal, even. Pleased to be plump, let’s say, knowing that a body that is a happy balance of soft and strong is the kind of body that will carry them through a lifetime.
Coach Natalie Nakase has played professionally in the U.S. and has already been a head coach in Japan’s national pro league. Now, she’s the second ever woman to join an NBA coaching staff.
She’s been proving her hustle for the Clippers, and makes no bones about her goal: to be the head coach of an NBA team. - CM
Get it girl!!
HEY SO!! i wanted to throw this out there that i found this really neat service that delivers (eco-friendly!) home products to your house like paper towels and cleaning products and stuff like that. it’s called ePantry and it just started up and is super spiffy! it’s good if you want to save gas or just have difficulties getting to the store to buy stuff, plus the products they offer are generally cheaper than getting them at the store
shipping is $2.99 usually but if you use this link and ask for “the VIP treatment” you can get free shipping for life, 20% discount for life, and $10 in credit for signing up
and you can choose to make it reoccurring as frequently (or not frequently!) as you need!
first order is $25 minimum BUT anything after that has no minimum
check it out!! even if it’s not your thing please pass it on, it could be really helpful for others!!
yo please reblog this since it could be really helpful to people with transportation issues or disabilities who can’t always get to the store to get essential stuff! thanks!!
@DarkMatterRage #TwitterPoetry: LOST IN (TRANS)LATION
I went home to my family of origin this past week and found every interaction seasoned with politics. I decided to write some short #TwitterPoetry to capture those every day moments of intimacy that often go unnoticed but mean so much for us as queers going home.
For more poetry and politics follow us on twitter
Nothing scars you more than the negative shit your own parents tell you.
|Track: He Said She Said|
|Arist: Ashley Tisdale|
Ashley Tisdale | He Said She Said
I wish you would all shut the fuck up about Lucy I mean damn I saw the movie last night and I saw no traces or any racism in it.
According to most it focuses on a white woman in a foreign country which is racist to some of you but little do any of you actually know most of the movie takes place in France. Tokyo is just the starting point.
Apparently Lucy kills a Japanese man for not speaking English in his own country. She does not kill him. She simply shoots him in the leg because he cannot be of service to her. Many don’t account for her mental status as well. After the drugs were injected into her she lost feeling. She could not think straight as all logic was blocked.
Lucy was very logical in everything she did and I saw no racism or anything to piss any of you off. She never killed anyone she didn’t have to. She only ended people deemed as a direct threat to her.
It’s a damn movie and you’re all overreacting per usual. Just shut up and enjoy it.
In their zeal for defending the racism in this movie, this person seems to have confused Taiwan for Japan.
They made a mistake, people confuse where settings are all the damn time.
…This is actually really disturbing. Wryly observing that the OP mixed up two Asian countries (while OP was defending the white lady hero for shooting an Asian man for not serving her) means I need to chill out, that I was freaking out, and that I wasn’t correcting the OP calmly enough.
OP started their post with “shut the fuck up” and ended it with “you’re overreacting per usual, just shut up and enjoy it” but I’m the one who needs to calm down. Okay…
[For the record, in the US —historically and in modern day—white ethnicities and countries of origin are conflated and white ethnic identities erased for the sake of increasing the political power of white people, while Asian ethnicities and countries of origin are conflated and erased to remove political power from Asian Americans. Generally, when Asian American identities are confused there is an underlying dynamic of racism. That’s probably why you’ve not been in a position to “freak out.” (Though your definition of “freak out” appears to be “observe wryly that OP confused two Asian countries while OP was politely telling people concerned about racism to “shut the fuck up.”)]
set of nostalgia drawings by gabriel picolo. i don’t think i have enough space on my tumblr for all his works that i’d like to post.
these are incredible
I WANT THESE DESIGNS ON THINGS
I’m so angry and upset right now I think I’m gonna cry
Goyim conflate Israel with diasporic Jews - and then take it out on us, the diasporic Jews, who have no say or vote in what Israel does, who may not even want to be affiliated at all with Israel, who may even hate Israel for what it’s done, or who recognize the need for Israel but hate and actively oppose the state of it now. The list is endless. The point I’m making is that what is happening right now is being taken out on us, an oppressed ethnic and religious minority everywhere except for one small state, and often with violence
And when we talk about rising antisemitism, we get called k*ke and y*d and other slurs, and EVERY. SINGLE. DAMN. TIME. we’re told “but israel!!!! israel is shit so you people are shit!!!1!1 antisemitism doesn’t exist!!!1&!!!1!”
And what may be even worse than that is that it comes from all sides - right AND LEFT. The people who supposedly fight for people’s rights and fight against oppression either don’t care or ACTIVELY PATICIPATE IN THE SPREADING OF ANTISEMITISM.
So if YOU are a non-Jew, and think of yourself as someone who cares and fights for the rights of marginalized and oppressed people, EDUCATE YOURSELF and EDUCATE YOUR FELLOW NON-JEWS ABOUT THIS SHIT
RECOGNIZE that you are IGNORANT about Judaism - the religion, the culture, the people as a minority ethnic group in the diaspora, our various relations to and opinions of Israel, and *GASP* EVEN ZIONISM (which is probably where i see the most ignorance)
RECOGNIZE that you ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE IN ANTISEMITISM (even just by ignoring it), and if you care, you MUST make actions to turn that around
TL;DR - Antisemitism is rampant and increasingly so, even in social justice circles. If you are a gentile, recognize that you are actively participating in the oppression of a marginalized group of people, and educate yourself and others
Please everyone, especially if you are a gentile, SPREAD THIS SHIT LIKE WILDFIRE
Beyonce - Mine feat. Drake - Kaelynn KK Harris - Choreography
She did that!!!!
had no choice but to reblog
i love the little girls watching her in amazement
|Track: Baby Doll + Partition|
|Arist: Dr. Srimix|
Baby Doll/Partition (Mashup) - Dr. Srimix (x)
that would make the funniest fucking story ever. Due to a mix up at the factory, the template for incantations that was supposed to a publishing company of dark art books is sent to a feminine products factory. Girl then accidentally summons Satan with period blood. Satan gets confused because its “dead blood” and when he shows up he realizes the sacrifice was done incorrectly so he cannot take the girl’s soul but now is bound to do her bidding because oops his bad, he showed up anyway.